How does ozempic work

How does ozempic work

Ozempic (semaglutide) is a glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist. It works by mimicking the action of GLP-1, a hormone that is released by the intestines after eating. GLP-1 has a number of effects on the body, including:

  • Stimulating insulin secretion: GLP-1 stimulates the release of insulin from the pancreas, which helps to lower blood sugar levels.
  • Slowing gastric emptying: GLP-1 slows down the emptying of the stomach, which can help to reduce appetite and promote satiety.
  • Reducing glucagon secretion: GLP-1 reduces the secretion of glucagon from the pancreas, which helps to lower blood sugar levels.

Ozempic is used to treat type 2 diabetes in adults. It is also used to reduce the risk of major cardiovascular events (such as heart attack or stroke) in adults with type 2 diabetes and established cardiovascular disease.

Ozempic is typically injected once a week under the skin. The dose of Ozempic is gradually increased over time to reduce the risk of side effects.

The most common side effects of Ozempic include:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Abdominal pain
  • Headache
  • Fatigue

Ozempic can also cause serious side effects, such as:

  • Pancreatitis
  • Gallbladder disease
  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)

Ozempic should not be usedin people with a personal or family history of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), or in people with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN 2).

What should I do if I experience any of the serious side effects of Ozempic?

If you experience any of the serious side effects of Ozempic, such as pancreatitis, gallbladder disease, diabetic retinopathy, or hypoglycemia, you should stop taking Ozempic and call your doctor right away.

Pancreatitis is a serious inflammation of the pancreas. Symptoms of pancreatitis can include:

  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Rapid heart rate

How does ozempic work

Gallbladder disease can include gallstones or cholecystitis (inflammation of the gallbladder). Symptoms of gallbladder disease can include:

  • Pain in the upper right abdomen
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Chills

Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes that can damage the blood vessels in the retina. Symptoms of diabetic retinopathy can include:

  • Blurred vision
  • Floaters
  • Dark spots
  • Vision loss

Hypoglycemia is a condition in which blood sugar levels drop too low. Symptoms of hypoglycemia can include:

  • Shakiness
  • Sweating
  • Hunger
  • Nausea
  • Confusion
  • Dizziness
  • Loss of consciousness

If you experience any of these serious side effects, it is important to stop taking Ozempic and call your doctor right away. Your doctor may need to adjust your dose or switch you to a different medication.

In some cases, you may need to be hospitalized for treatment of the serious side effect.

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